I understand adhesives you have mentioned here are mild like labels, tapes, Glues & stickers not the harder epoxy resins or wax glue. So I answer here only for mild adhesives.
Mild adhesives can be removed by rubbing the sticky area with your fingers, which has to done first for all methods. Then follow the below methods which is easy for you to remove the residue.
Method 1: Solidify the adhesive by keeping in freezer or rubbing the ice cube. Scrape the solid residue with your nail or any dull edged object, may be other edge of the table knife or spoon.
Method 2: Try applying the petroleum jelly into the adhesive stain and it will loosen the glue. Then remove the petroleum jelly by rubbing the area with detergent soap. Use max hottest water mentioned in your garment care tag for rinsing the area. Use hot water only if it is fat adhesive.
Method 3: Add any mild oil into the adhesive for loosening it. Baby oil, coconut oil, vegetable oil or butter may help. Then rinse the area with detergent soap.
Method 4: Place duct tape on the sticky area, press firmly and peel off slowly.
Method 5: Use nail polish remover on the sticky area. Acetone in the nail polish remover will help the task. Some nail polish may not contain acetone, check it. Wash thoroughly and repeat if needed.
Method 6: Place a paper kerchief or towel on the sticky area, then iron them firmly. You can peel off the residue by scrape.
Method 7: Heat some vinegar and put some few drops in the concerned area. Wash throughly with the cold water. Recommend to test a drop on an inconspicuous spot before treating it.
Method 8: If the adhesive is too greasy, then sprinkle some corn flour on the area. Then Allow it absorb the flour, scrape it.
I have tested few methods and it worked like a charm.
-Quicker you do the workaround, you are likely to get the better result.
-Use cold water always for rinsing.
-test on an inconspicuous section before testing, such as the inside of a sleeve or collar.
-Do not rub too harsh, as it may damage the fabric fibers.