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For cleaning keyboards and other computer components not reachable with a cloth, I generally use a can of compressed air.

the can

However, the can is empty. What else can I use that would be a general household item?

  • 10
    Another can! :) – nicael Dec 31 '14 at 12:12

13 Answers 13

18

Here are some methods for keyboard I use:

  • turn it upside down and shake it
  • use cotton swab dipped in isopropyl alcohol (one of these sticks for cleaning ears)
  • use something sharp and wrap it with a piece of cloth and clean with it between the keys

Generally for computers I often use a vacuum cleaner and reduce its power to the middle (it depends how powerful is your vacuum cleaner - adjust it for your needs )

  • 1
    My vacuum is not that fancy... But I like the third bullet point. – Mooseman Dec 31 '14 at 12:18
  • What to do if you have a Dyson.. Which is known to be able to pick up stuff from its incredib;e suction – Xylius Jun 25 '16 at 9:24
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    @Xylius Cover the end of the tube with a couple of layers of the coarse plastic mesh like that used for some bags to hold potatos, onions, and yams. That will lessen the efficiency so you won't suck the keys off the keyboard. – Stan Jun 26 '16 at 23:20
7

I insert a large diameter drinking straw [Starbucks has them in their Computer Cleaning Section of every store);-)] into the slim angled attachment which comes with most vacuums, I then tape the straw to the outside of the attachment creating a seal. It is a simple matter then to take an ESP Brush as mentioned above and use it to brush the dust into the straw which sucks it into the vacuum cleaner. Where it goes from there I have no idea!

5

I have encountered a similar problem while cleaning dust and grime off PCBs for re-soldering/repair. Usually, the dust has accumulated over time, and due to moisture which can't be removed with compressed air.

  • Using a special ESP brush (size depends on each case), or a simple paint brush but ensuring correct ESP procedure clean surface and around/under gaps and components.

  • A small amount of Isopropanol (Isopropyl Alcohol) can remove persistent grime.

  • Harder cases may require a stiffer brush.

This is useful for cleaning motherboards, GPUs, fans and heatsinks. If cleaning a CPU/GPU die, take care and use some Iso., both on the die and the heatsink contact. Always reapply thermal paste after.

For keyboards, mice and other external peripherals, use cotton swabs with Iso. Keyboards (Desktop, mostly - laptops are difficult) can have their keys removed to clean between the key wells.

4

I was about to make a special tiny nozzle for my hair dryer (on cool of course), before I discovered a powered duster and bought that instead. You asked about a household item, so I'd go with the nozzle. I also briefly considered a balloon and a straw...

  • 2
    This is not safe: the moving air can build up a static charge that can destroy sensitive electronic components. See electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/39220/… – Hobbes Apr 30 '15 at 11:40
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    @Hobbes There are no sensitive electronics in a standard keyboard. Nothing that static will affect anyway. Other devices, maybe. – n00dles Aug 28 '16 at 22:54
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Instead of expensive cans of air, I use the blow gun on my cheap ($50-on-sale) 1-gallon compressor. There is a slight chance of water droplets forming, but it won't be as bad as human breath or the stuff that often falls into keyboards.

For larger-scale cleaning, I use my electric leaf blower. I take my desktop computer outdoors once a year, open up the case, and blast away! This works well on furnace filters, too.

  • This is not safe: the moving air can build up a static charge that can destroy sensitive electronic components. See electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/39220/… – Hobbes Apr 30 '15 at 11:40
  • @Hobbes I use to have a computer shop and have blown at least 500 with an air compressor and not had a singe static charge problem. The fan in the computer is moving air. – paparazzo Aug 24 '16 at 17:46
3

Depending on how the crevice to clean is shaped, an old (but reasonably clean) toothbrush can work quite well. This seems to work well on the narrow spaces where plastic pieces come together, or decorative grooves in a device, where dirt or dust sometimes builds up.

2

How about just using a drinking straw and blowing out the dust? I had pretty good luck blowing dust out of a CPU heatsink that way. Or, maybe blow up a balloon and wrap the end on a straw for more force.

Breath is humid (relative humidity of human breath is 100%), so don't try this for anything that may be sensitive to moisture.

Note, prolonged blowing may cause dizziness.

2

To clean a keyboard, fold a post-it note in half sticky side out and drag it between the keys and it will pick up dust.

enter image description here

You'll probably need several to do a whole keyboard. (I have never tried it on the internal parts of a computer, but it should work)

1

Although I haven't tried it, I would imagine a bicycle pump would work. If you taped the "straw" from your old can to the end you could probably make it more directional and higher pressure. The adapter for pumping up footballs might also help in this regard.

1

I use sharp ended objects like toothpicks or mini screwdrivers. Weirdly, it's been a passion for me since childhood to clean such spots.

  • I usually don't have a toothpick on hand, but I do buy those floss pick thingies, and they have that end that's pointy and hard (but not so hard it scratches). – Max Starkenburg Apr 27 '16 at 23:18
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Anything that creates a stream of air:

  • compressor
  • leaf blower
  • hair dryer if it has a no heat option
  • shop vacuum that has an exhaust port

I used to have a computer shop have blown out over 1000.

For a keyboard, I like the compressor with a nozzle as it is hard to blow them out and they are not very sensitive.

You can even vacuum on the keyboard.

The downside to the compressor is you can get some moisture. I have never lost one to moisture but for the motherboard, I prefer the shop vacuum.

IMPORTANT
Block the fans before blowing them out. I use a small screwdriver. With a compressor, you can get enough speed to spin (wreck) the bearings.

The power supply will be the dirtiest. Blow it out in each direction.

It is very hard to get into a laptop to clean it, but more important is it is smaller and the little fans and little fins can get impacted.

1

To add to existing answers: one desperate but great way of cleaning really messy keyboards is the dish washing machine. Place the keyboard key-face down and run the program, including detergent and all as you would your dishes. You can also wash some of the usual things with it as long as they are not too dirty (mugs, cups, plates as long as there is no food on them).

If it is a wireless keyboard make sure you remove the batteries first!

After the wash make sure you allow the keyboard to dry completely. Shake as much of the water out as you can, then place it close to an open window or onto a radiator. Don't use it, until you are confident all the water has evaporated. Water will not normally damage electronic equipment if there is no power.

But keep this as a last resort - in some cases the keyboard will after all not survive this operation. My own experience with this has seen no losses so far though. Anyway, this hack is very appropriate if you were considering to bin the keyboard rather than cleaning it.

0

Use one these blower things to get those niches

blower

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